Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery

Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery

What is Oral, Dental and Maxillofacial Surgery?

Oral, dental and maxillofacial surgery is also reffered as jaw surgery, include surgical procedures for embedded teeth.

What is embedded tooth?

Embedded teeth are those teeth which are not erupted usually because of the lack of eruptive forces. Impacted teeth are the ones which are being prevented from erupting due to some physical barriers in the path of eruption.

What are the complaints that the embedded teeth can produce?

INFECTION: Continuous food residues between the semi-embedded tooth and the gum on it. This area cannot be cleaned with a toothbrush, resulting in undesirable conditions such as infection and bad breath. They may cause continuous recurrent infections, especially for semi-embedded teeth. These soft tissue infections are sometimes very severe and may require very severe antibiotic treatment and hospital conditions. Severe infections can cause infections on the cheek, neck and chest.

BAD BREATH: Semi-buried teeth with gums in the areas formed between food residues can cause a very bad breath.
DENTAL CARIES: bad teeth positioning may cause tooth loss ,In fact, it can refine the roots of the tooth in front of it. These caries can cause severe infections in the bone and extreme pain.

PRESSURE PAIN: feel of pain due to pinching when applying pressure to the neighboring teeth. In some cases, this pressure causes damage.
The buried teeth may cause drooping in the anterior teeth.

HEAD PAIN: the cause of the head, eye, face and shoulder pain can be caused by the embedded teeth. The pain is blunt and does not respond to any painkillers.

FOCAL INFECTION FOCUS: The human body is constantly in battle with bacteria that accumulate around the buried teeth and cannot be cleaned. This means that there is a continuous influx of bacteria from the buried teeth to the blood. This is of great importance in rheumatism and heart disease.
Cyst and tumor formation: According to studies conducted in Turkey, embedded side tooth or teeth are likely to cause the formation of cysts by 26%. If the cyst is formed, the tooth must be pulled and the cyst must be removed to prevent further growth and to prevent bone destruction. In some cases, cysts originating from old teeth can spread to large areas and are diagnosed in incidental X-rays and do not cause any discomfort for the patient. According to a study conducted in Turkey, it has been shown that buried teeth may cause malignant tumors.

Why should anyone with a bad tooth position visit a dentist , even if it does not cause any discomfort?

Disruption of the position of the tooth alone is a sufficient reason for infection. In such a case, the probability of the mentioned problems is very high. Moreover, such problems can develop suddenly and unexpectedly. In order to prevent future complaints (infection, cyst, etc.), the buried teeth must be removed at the moment of recognition.

What is the best time for removing wisdom teeth?

Theoretically this is the time when 2/3 of the root of the tooth is formed, which often is within the age range of 18-22. Operations at a young age are technically easier and recovery is quicker. Operations over the age of 40 become quite difficult. In addition, as the age increases, the side effects also increase and the recovery period is prolonged.

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